There are 7 Indian-Americans on the Forbes list of 400 richest Americans making them the most successful ethnic group in the United States of America. This makes one wonder how the same people that went through the same schooling system but pursued their higher education in the United States or settled there afterwards can have such drastically different fates. Well, it looks like India has finally come around and tried to place bandages on the broken system.
While this system is definitely a big step forward for students, it is bound to have an equally positive impact on the Indian economy. With the National Education Policy 2020 allowing the top 100 foreign universities to set up campuses in India, the premiere Indian institutes will have to buckle up and improve on their own quality to compete. There is bound to be more inflow of cash, as well as foreign students into the country.
With the long-awaited system of credits and credits transfer finally making a cameo in the NEP, students will finally have the option to switch between institutions or continue their studies after a break. This is bound to increase student transfers, both to and from India and promote more students to explore and take up their ideas and initiatives without the fear of not receiving their degree or diploma.
While there has been a major reform in terms of the board examinations, now being conducted twice a year and with more focus on core concepts, there is no change in the ancient admission systems to India’s premiere engineering and medical colleges – still following the rank system and giving you a single day to prove it all. Furthermore, the public/private divide is not going to go away anytime soon, with students who can afford, still likely to prefer private institutions.
Another aspect which the NEP has heroically touched upon is the issue of mental health of students. The policy has recommended state governments to ensure hiring an adequate number of counsellors to be shared among school campuses. By shifting the responsibility from institutions to governments, there is bound to be an improvement in the present situation; although, mandating it would have been a better option.
In short, the National Education Policy 2020 is a brave attempt to recreate and rebuild the American education system on a very primitive level. Expect more reforms of such sort in the coming few years.